Abstract：The China’s national measles incidence rate has reduced sharply since 2008, but has arisen again since 2012, with some cities reporting multiple adult outbreaks. One possible reason for the rise of measles incidence rate may be that the actual vaccine coverage in China is lower than that reported, due to the insufficient implementation of routine immunization. Also, some populations remain susceptible to measles as they received neither routine immunization nor the supplementary immunization, and the accumulation of such populations could also cause the outbreaks in the country. China has achieved significant progress on measles elimination, but cautions should be taken to prevent the resurgence of the disease. China needs to further improve the routine vaccine coverage and the supplementary vaccination for priority regions and populations. Also, the better implementation of the measles contingency plans will further help to control and eliminate measles outbreaks in China.